Geography of Chengdu

Cheng Du

Photo 1: Chengdu, One of the Most Attractive Tourist Destinations in China

        Chengdu, Rong for short, is the capital of Sichuan Province and vice-provincial city of Sichuan Province. The city is 192 kilometers long from east to west and 166 kilometers wide from north to south, with a total area of 12,390 square kilometers.

Sichuan Basin

Photo 2: Sichuan Basin

        Chengdu is located in the Western Sichuan Plain of central Sichuan and the western part of the Sichuan Basin, with the Longquan Mountains in the east, the Yungui Plateau in the south, the Qionglai Mountain in the west and the Qinling Mountains in the north. Chengdu has been the hinterland of the land of abundance since ancient times.

Chengdu Plain

Photo 3: Chengdu Plain

        Chengdu, the western part belongs to the edge area of the Sichuan Basin, is dominated by deep hilly areas and mountainous regions, with altitudes ranging from 1000 to 3000 meters. The eastern part belongs to the bottom plain of the Sichuan Basin, which is formed by the alluvial deposits of Minjiang River and Jianjiang River, it is the heartland of the Chengdu Plain, and is mainly composed of plains, tablelands and some low hills. The altitude is generally around 750 meters. Chengdu has formed a unique landform with one-third plains, one-third hills, and one-third mountains.

Funan River

Photo 4: Funan River

Dujiangyan Irrigation Project

Photo 5: The World-famous Dujiangyan Irrigation Project

        Chengdu has 12 main streams such as the Minjiang River and the Tuojiang River and dozens of tributaries. The rivers crisscross and the ditches interlace.


Photo 6: A Bird’s Eye View of Chengdu

        Chengdu, the key town in the southwest and the capital of the Bashu, has been the political, economic and cultural center of the Southwest China and an important city in the Yangtze River Basin in all dynasties.

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