The History of Chongqing

faces-changing

Photo 1:Faces-changing, a Kind of Art in Sichuan Opera,  the Performer Changes His Facial Masks in a Short Time

        Chongqing is a world-famous historical and cultural city with written records dating back to 3,000 years ago, the birthplace of the Bayu culture.

Ba tribe

Photo 2:Ba Tribe Relief

        During the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties, powerful tribal alliances formed on this land of Chongqing. They lived along the river and hunt in the mountains. They took giant snakes and white tigers as totems, collectively referred to as “Ba People”.

Zhangfei Temple

Photo 3:Zhangfei Temple in Yunyang, Chongqing

        The era of Ba State started from the 21st century BC, in 316 BC (the Warring States Period), the Ba State was eventually destroyed by the Qin State. General Zhang Yi of the Qin State stationed troops in the place where the two rivers meet, built Jiangzhou City, which is the first city site in the history of Chongqing. The Three Kingdoms Period left many relics to Chongqing, such as the famous Zhangfei Temple in Yunyang.

Chongqing

Photo 4:Chongqing,China

        In 583 AD, Emperor Yang Jian(Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty)set up Yu Zhou here,  hence the alternate name “Yu” of Chongqing.

Emperor Guangzong

Photo 5:Emperor Guangzong, Southern Song Dynasty

        In 1189 A.D., Zhao Dun (Emperor Guangzong of Southern Song Dynasty) was crowned King and proclaimed himself as emperor successively in two months, and then he named Gong Zhou where he was as Chongqing,meaning “double celebration”,Chongqing was named after it.

The Dazu Stone Carvings, which were excavated in the Song Dynasty, are classics of ancient Chinese Buddhist Statues.

Photo 6:The Dazu Stone Carvings, Which were Excavated in the Song Dynasty, are Classics of Ancient Chinese Buddhist Statues.

        The War between Song and Yuan and years of war in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties led to a sharp decline in the population of the Ba-Shu area, nine out of ten families were gone.  It was not until the early years of the Qing Dynasty when the government promulgated the “mass migration of peasants from Huguang to Sichuan Province ”policy, that the local economy was gradually restored and developed.

German Consulate

Photo 7:German Consulate,Chongqing

        In 1890, the “Additional provisions of the Yantai Treaty” was signed, Chongqing became the first open port and commercial port along the Yangtze River in mainland China. Many Countries set up consulates and opened concessions, which promoted the prosperity of industry and commerce. Chongqing gradually developed into a major industrial town and an economic center in western China.

Chong qing

Photo 8:the Capital of Wartime,Chongqing

        After the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan, the National Government moved to Chongqing in 1940, and Chongqing became the capital of wartime. In 1946, the National Government returned to the capital of Nanjing.

Three Gorges Dam

Photo 9:Three Gorges Dam, the Largest Hydropower Station in the World and Also the Largest Water Resources and Hydropower Project Constructed in China

Flood discharge

Photo 10:Flood Discharge Scene of Three Gorges Dam

        After the founding of New China, in order to speed up the construction of the Three Gorges Project and solve the problems of immigration, in 1997, Chongqing became a municipality directly under the Central Government, and merged Wanxian, Fuling and Lijiang in eastern Sichuan, Chongqing became the largest “city” in the world.

Chong qing

Photo 11:The High-rise Buildings of Chongqing

        In recent years, Chongqing has been developing at a magical speed, with row upon row of high-rise buildings in the main city, and the unique charm of the mountain city has gradually disappeared in the rushing modernization process.

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