Jingshan Park —One of China’s Oldest and Best Preserved Royal Gardens

Jingshan Park, Beijing

Figure 1:Jingshan Park, Beijing

Located on the central axis of Beijing, Jingshan Park is in the north of the Forbidden City. Liao Taizong Yelv Deguang built Yaoyu palace in Beihai, the excavated soil was piled on Jingshan  Hill and Qionghua island–the two large mounds, since then, Jingshan came into existence. Jingshan is 45.7 meters high, if you overlook from the summit, the scenery of the royal capital is all in sight.

peony flowers in Jingshan Park

Figure 2:Peony Flowers in Jingshan Park

During the Yuan Dynasty, Kublai Khan designated Jingshan Hill as an important part of the Imperial City, and built Ji Xiang Pavilion, Huguo Zhongyi Temple, Xingqing Pavilion, Hall of Ancestral Worship, Hall of observing Moral, Yongsi Hall and so on; and planted all kinds of fruits and peony flowers, constructed Viewing Flowers Hall for sightseeing in spring and admiring the moon. Jingshan is also known as “Long live mountain”, Li Zicheng broke through Beijing City in 1644, Emperor Chongzhen hanged himself on Jingshan Hill. 

Qi Wang Lou in Jingshan Park

Figure 3:Qi Wang Lou in Jingshan Park

Wan Chun Pavilion in Jingshan Park

Figure 4:Wan Chun Pavilion in Jingshan Park

During Qianlong Period,Qi Wang Lou, Wufangfo Pavilion, Wan Chun Pavilion and so on were built in Piedmont. There are more than 1,000 strains of ancient pine and cypress trees and tens of thousands strains of peony trees, herbaceous peony and other flowers in Jingshan park, flowers are unbeaten in three seasons, pine and cypress remain green all the year round.

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