Nanjing—One of the Four Great Ancient Capital Cities in China

Nan Jing

Photo 1:Nanjing, a Perfect Union of Mountains,Rivers,City and Forest

        Nanjing, Ning for short, the names once used are: Jinling, Jianye, Jiankang, Jiangning, Yingtian and so on.

The ten miles Qinhuai River, Nan Jing

Photo 2:The Ten Miles Qinhuai River, Dotted with Countless Famous Scenic Spots, Telling the Endless Anecdotes.

Xuanwu Lake, nan jing

Photo 3:Xuanwu Lake, Nanjing

        Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province. It is located in the Middle-Lower Yangtze River Plain in Eastern China. It is close to Yangtze River and the sea. The Qinhuai River, Xuanwu Lake, Mochou Lake and other waters are intertwined. The Qinhuai River, which has the reputation of “China’s first historical and cultural river”, crosses the city and is the “mother river” in the hearts of Nanjing people.

Zhongshan Mountain, Nan jing

Photo 4:Zhongshan Mountain, Nanjing

        Nanjing’s landforms are mainly low-lying hills, with numerous hills, surrounded by low winding mountains and waters. Nanjing enjoys a distinguished geographical position, the Zhongshan Mountain in the east of the city is like a coiled long dragon,the Shitou Mountain in the west is like a magnificent fierce tiger. Nanjing is called “gateway to the South and the Eas, throat between the north and the south”.

Green City, Nan jing

Photo 5:Green City, Nanjing

        Nanjing has a subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, warm and comfortable. The annual average temperature is 15.3 °C. The rainfall is abundant and the vegetation is lush. Nanjing enjoys the reputation of “Green City”.

Photo 6:The Yangtze River Flows Through Nanjing City From West to East

Sun Quan Memorial Hall, Nan jing

Photo 7:Sun Quan Memorial Hall, Nanjing

        Nanjing was called Jinling in ancient times. It has a long history of more than 6,000 years of civilization. Nanjing has been built for nearly 2,600 years,with nearly 500 years as a capita. Nanjing is also known as “the four ancient capitals of China” along with Beijing, Xi’an and Luoyang. Since Sun Quan of East Wu State moved his capital to Nanjing during the Three Kingdoms in 229, there have been 10 dynasties establishing their capitals here, including Eastern Jin Dynasty, the Southern Dynasties (namely, the Song Dynasty, the Qi Dynasty, the Liang Dynasty and the Chen Dynasty), the Southern Tang Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Republic of China , so Nanjing is called the “the Metropolitanof Ten Empires”. Since the six regimes of Eastern Wu, Eastern Jin,Song, Qi, liang, Chen built their capitals in Nanjing, the historians also called it “the ancient capital of Six Dynasties”.

the Confucius Temple, Nan jing

Photo 8:the Confucius Temple, Nanjing

         As a historical and cultural city worthy of the name, Nanjing has a deep cultural heritage and rich historical relics. It can be said to be a place that  brings together ancient and modern culture. There are countless places of interest, dotted with natural landscapes and human heritages.  “the city in the garden” is the most appropriate description of Nanjing. The area around Xuanwu Lake, the Qinhuai River coast and the Confucius Temple area are the three most concentrated places. The Zhongshan Scenic Area in the eastern suburbs and the Yan Zi Ji in the north win by mountain ridgs and river views respectively.

Ming Tomb,Nan jing

Photo 9:Ming Tomb of Nanjing

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum,Nan jing

Photo 10:Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum,Nanjing

Presidential Palace of Nan jing

Photo 11:Presidential Palace of Nanjing

        Qinhuai River, Zhanyuan Garden, Confucius Temple, Wuyi Lane(Black Gown Lane), Nanjing’s Imperial Palace, Qixia Temple, Ming Tomb, Drum Tower, Ming City Wall, Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, Presidential Palace and other historical sites… Each is telling people about the past stories of the city.

The Qinhuai River,Nan Jing

Photo 12:The Qinhuai River,Winding Like a Jade Belt

the Lion Bridge Gourmet Street, Nan jing

Photo 13:the Lion Bridge Gourmet Street, Nanjing

        Nanjing’s cuisine makes you savor the taste of Nanjing actually from the tip of the tongue. You can go to the Lion Bridge in Hunan Road to taste the Nanjing-flavored snacks.

Nan jing Eyes

Photo 14:Nanjing Eyes

        The ancient and profound cultural heritage, the thriving material civilization, and the spectacular natural landscape constitute the unique garden city style of Nanjing.

Night Scene in Nan jingPhoto 15:Night Scene in Nanjing

        This city,once prosperous and once decadent, once colorful and once miserable, will surely bring you a different memory.


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