Xi An—Xi’an

Xi’an is one of the most important cities in China

Photo 1:Xi’an is Recognized as One of the Most Important Cities in China, Both Historically and Currently

        Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi Province, is the political, economic, cultural, scientific and educational center of Shaanxi Province. Located in the center of China’s territory, Xi’an is in the southern part of the Guanzhong Plain. Xi’an is a gateway city and an important transportation hub to the northwest and southwest, it is bordered by the Weihe River in the north and Qinling Mountains in the south.

Xi an, a famous historical and cultural city in China

Photo 2:Xi’an, a Famous Historical and Cultural City in China, One of the Best Tourist Destinations Cities in China

        Xi’an, known as Chang’an, Jingzhao, and Haojing in ancient times, this oriental ancient capital is regarded as the “four ancient capitals of the world” by historians together with Greece’s Athens, Italy’s Rome, and Egypt’s Cairo, ranking first among China’s ancient capitals. Xi’an has a long history, with more than 7,000 years of civilization, more than 3,100 years of city-building, and more than 1,100 years of capital-building. It is the capital with the longest capital-building time, the largest number of capital-building dynasties, and the greatest influence in China’s history. Xi’an is the cradle of the Chinese nation, the birthplace of Chinese civilization and the representative of Chinese culture.

Xi an, an ancient capital

Photo 3:Xi’an, the Ancient Capital of Thirteen Dynasties

        From the 11th century B.C. to the 10th century A.D., 13 dynasties built their capitals in Xi’an, which lasted more than 1,100 years.The four most prosperous dynasties in the history of China—Western Zhou Dynasty, the Qin Dynasty, Western Han Dynasty, and the Tang Dynasty all built their capitals in Xi’an. In 1981, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) identified Xi’an as a world famous historical city.

Xi’an is in the warm temperate zone, belongs to semi-humid continental monsoon climate with mild climate, moderate rainfall and four distinct seasons. The annual average temperature is 13. 0 ° C ~ 13. 7 ° C, and the annual precipitation is 522. 4 ~ 719. 5 mm.

Qin Opera, Shaanxi

Photo 4:Qin Opera, Shaanxi’s Unique Local Opera

 Shadow play

Photo 5: Shadow play,One of the Traditional Dramas of the Chinese Nation

        In the long river of Xi’an art and culture, there are countless artistic pearls, such as Qin Opera, Chang’an painting school, Guanzhong shadow play, etc., all of which own important place in the art history of China. Qin Opera is also called Bangzi Opera and Luan Tan. It is a unique local opera in Shaanxi Province. It boasts the most ancient, affluent, and largest musical system of the biggest four spectrum of Chinese play. Shadow play, commonly known as “lamp shadow play”, has the reputation of “the ancestor of the movie”.

Terracotta Army Pit

Photo 6:Terracotta Army Pit is the First Chinese Relic to Be included in the World Heritage List

        The splendid and glorious, long and civilized history has left extremely rich and precious historical sites and historical relics to the ancient city of Xi’an. Xi’an has the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang— “the greatest Emperor of all Ages”, Qin ShiHuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses,the ruins of the four major capitals of Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang Dynasties, and the ancient buildings such as the Big Wild Goose Pagoda(Dayan Pagoda) and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda(Xiaoyan Pagoda), Bell and Drum Tower and the Ancient City Wall. Roaming in Xi’an is like stepping into a natural history museum with “the best heritages under heaven”.

Bronze chariot and horses,Qin ShiHuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Photo 7:Bronze Chariot and Horses,the Complexity of the Technique, the Ingenuity of the Production And the Excellence of the Craftsmanship are Amazing.(Qin ShiHuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses)

        Terracotta Army Pits are the burial pits of Emperor Qin Shihuang, known as “the eighth wonder of the world” and the “world cultural heritage of mankind”. The scale of the Terracotta Army Pits is grand, the three pits are more than 20,000 square meters in total, forming an unparalleled underground military array.

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda,

Photo 8: The Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Magnificent with Simple Shape, is a Masterpiece of Chinese Buddhist Architecture Art in the Tang Dynasty

        The Big Wild Goose Pagoda(Dayan Pagoda), located in the Temple of Great Maternal Grace (Dacien Temple) in the southern suburbs of Xi’an, was built in 652 A.D. and is regarded as the symbol of the ancient capital of Xi’an. The Big Wild Goose Pagoda was personally designed by the first abbot of the Ci’en Temple—Xuan Zang (Tang Sanzang) who also supervised the construction after he returned from Tianzhu, for the worship and storage of Sanskrit classics, Buddhist statues and  Buddhist relics. Stand on the top of the tower, lean on the rail overlooking, you can have a panoramic view of Chang’an.

 Xi’an Railway Station

Photo 9: Xi’an Railway Station

        Located in the geographical center of China, Xi’an is the starting point of the ancient Silk Road. As an important transportation hub connecting the east and the west, Xi’an has formed a modern three-dimensional transportation network mainly based on aviation, railways and highways. Various modes of transportation extending in all directions and transportation infrastructure in good condition can meet people’s diverse travel needs.

Pita Bread Soaked in beef Soup and Pita Bread Soaked in lamp Soup

Photo 10: Pita Bread Soaked in Beef Soup and Pita Bread Soaked in Lamp Soup, are Particularly Famous Among Shaanxi-style Snacks

marinated meat in baked bun(Rougamo ) , originated in the Warring States Period

Photo 11: Marinated Meat in Baked Bun (Rougamo) , Originated in the Warring States Period, Has the Reputation of Chinese Hamburger

        Xi’an is a famous tourist city as well as a famous city of delicacies and snacks. Xi’an’s food culture is full of strong northwestern customs. Marinated meat in baked bun(Rougamo), Pita Bread Soaked in lamp Soup, Steamed Cold Noodles(Liang Pi), and Jello Stew with Rice Noodles are all familiar local famous foods for many people. In 2012, the US CNN website CNNGO voted the top ten best snack cities in Asia, and Xi’an was the only city of Mainland China to enter the list,which shows that Xi’an’s food culture has far-reaching effects. The Muslim snacks of Muslim Quarter(the Muslim Snack Street ) are the most representative and most famous in Xi’an.

Xian, the eternal city, records the great changes of the chinese nation just like a living history book.

1 Comment

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